A. Growing greenery
Greenery is grown by erecting a pillar in the center of the pot and wrapping some brown hair around the pillar. The pillar is 10 cm to 12 cm in diameter, and then three to four seedlings are planted in the pot so that their stems and vines can climb around the pillar. Alternatively, the greenery is planted in pots and placed on a trellis. The stems hang down like a green curtain, which is very interesting.
B. Potted greenery
Due to the limitations of the potting soil, it is easy for the plant to age after a long period of cultivation, and the leaves become smaller and fall off. Therefore, after 2 to 3 years of cultivation, the plant must be replaced or pruned and renewed.The soil needs to be loose, fertile and well-drained.
C. Soil selection for greenery
The soil should be fertile, loose, well-drained, and acidic.
1. Greenery is extremely shade tolerant
It can be placed indoors in a sunny place for all seasons, but in a darker room. It should be moved to a light environment every half month to recover for a while, otherwise it is easy to make the internodes grow and the leaves become smaller.
2. Greenery likes hot and humid environment
The overwintering temperature should not be lower than 15°C and the soil should be kept moist. You should often spray water on the leaves to increase the air humidity for the growth of aerial roots. You can pour liquid fertilizer once a month during the vigorous growth period.
3. Long-term indoor
Ornamental plants, the leaves at the base of the stem tend to fall off, reducing the ornamental value. In May and June when the temperature turns warm, combined with cuttings for pruning and renewal. This will encourage the base of the stem to sprout new shoots.
4. During the growth period of greenery
It is important that you do not only add water to the potting soil, but also spray the foliage regularly. If you are growing a column, you should also spray more water on the brown hair column so that the brown hair can fully absorb the water for the aerial roots around the stem. You can apply nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium compound fertilizer once every 2 weeks or spray 0.2% potassium phosphate solution every week to make the leaves bright green and more vibrantly spotted.
D. Greenery is a shady plant
It is shade-tolerant, preferring diffused light. Indoor cultivation can placed next to a window, but avoid direct sunlight. Too much sunlight can burn the leaves, and too much shade can make the beautiful markings on the foliage disappear, so it usually grows best with four hours of diffused light.
(1) On the top of a furniture cabinet
If you have a high set of pots, let the stems hang down. Or, if the stems are too long, they can be hung in a circle, like an emerald relief. This not only makes full use of space, purifies the air, but also adds lines of liveliness to the dull cabinet surface.
(2) Propagation of greenery
The greenery is generally propagated by cuttings, because of the air roots on its stem nodes, cuttings are very easy to survive.
(3) Cuttings time
From April to August, cuttings are taken from a 15 cm to 20 cm long section of the vine as a spike. Cut off the lower leaves, leaving only the top leaves 1 to 2, diagonally inserted in the sand bed. Then drench with water and keep it moist.
(4) Later to often
The foliage of the spike should sprayed with water and rooted in about ten days.
(5) Greenery top bud water plug
Cut the tender and strong stem vine 20 cm to 30 cm long as a section and insert it directly into the bottle with water. Change the water once every 2 to 3 days and it will take more than 10 days for the roots to come to life.
E.Greenery care needs to know
As a rule, greenery likes to be moist. During the growing season, it is best to keep the soil moist, and in summer, while watering adequately, it is important to spray the foliage regularly. Whether or not to water every day is affected by many conditions, such as the amount of soil, the size of the plant, the material of the pot, the environment in which it is kept, etc. The amount of water consumed varies greatly. Water consumption varies greatly, so you should follow the above principles.
①No rice water
Although there are a lot of nutrients available in rice water, but it must composted and fermented after decay before use. Otherwise, it is not only easy to grow insects, but also cause rotten roots in serious cases.
②Specific care methods
The original growing conditions for greenery are in the woods shaded by large trees and not very sunny.
③In the north in autumn and winter
In order to supplement the temperature and photosynthesis, however, its light level should be increased.
④Placement of greenery
to a place with the best indoor light or move it to a sealed balcony in the sun at midday. Also, open the windows as little as possible when the temperature is low, as the leaves may be frostbitten in a very short period of time.
⑤ Temperature in the North
With a room temperature of 10°C or higher, greenery can be safely wintered. Room temperature above 20℃, the greenery can grow normally. It is not a big problem for general families to reach this temperature. What needs to noted is to avoid excessive temperature difference and also to keep the leaves away from the heating equipment.
⑥ Greenery humidity
This refers to the water content of the air in the environment where the plant is growing. Under the condition of ensuring normal temperature, increasing humidity is extremely beneficial to the growth of the plant.
F. Greenery to increase humidity
Keeping the plants close to the humidifier, which is open for more than 5 hours a day, the plants are able to enjoy the water mist from the humidifier. Spray water on the leaves, stems and aerial roots of the plants several times a day with a sprayer tuned to a misting scale.
1. In the pot tray
Keep a moderate amount of water to increase the local temperature of the plant through its evaporation. Lightly rub the foliage with a cold damp towel or toilet paper or apply lightly to the foliage for a short period of time (1-2 hours per day). Put transparent plastic film over the plants to create the effect of a small greenhouse. Replenish the plant’s water by evaporating the moisture from the soil, not more than 2 hours a day, too long will affect the plant’s aeration and photosynthesis.
2. Watering the greenery
The amount of watering in autumn and winter should strictly controlled according to the room temperature.
3. Before heating
The temperature is low and the plant’s soil evaporates more slowly. Watering should reduced and the amount of water should controlled to between 1/4 and 1/2 of the original amount.
4. After heating
Watering should also not be too diligent, watering should be less into the pot, and water should be seeped by the palm wire. In addition, water should also sprayed to the aerial root growth of the brown column to reduce the lack of water absorption by the roots caused by too rapid evaporation. Winter watering is better with water that has been dried for a day; water that is too cold can easily damage the roots.
G. How to fertilize greenery
In the fall and winter in the north, plants grow slowly or even stop growing, so fertilization should be reduced.
1. Before winter
The main purpose of fertilizing is to spray liquid inorganic fertilizer once every 15 days.
2. After winter
Fertilizer is mainly applied by foliar spraying, which absorbs fertilizer through the stomata on the leaf surface. The fertilizer effect can directly applied to the foliage.
3. Foliar fertilizer
To use special fertilizer, ordinary organic fertilizer is not easily absorbed by the foliage. If you have automatic irrigation equipment, you can use more efficient and faster water-soluble fertilizer as foliar fertilizer.
H. Shaping and pruning
Plant 4-5 plants per pot or directly from cuttings, with a brown column in the middle of the pot for the greenery to twist and grow upwards. Pruning is done in spring. When the stems are full of brown pillars and the tips are about 20 cm beyond the pillars, cut off 40 cm of the tips of 2-3 of the plants. When the new buds and leaves sprout after the short cut, then cut off the stem tips of the rest of the plants.